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阅读核心同义替换之C9-T2-R1

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2018-01-29 15:08

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C9-T2-R1
1. 题干:An account of a national policy initiative. (C9-T2-R1 T1)
原文:The New Zealand Government has developed a New Zealand Disability Strategy and has embarked on a wide-ranging consultation process. (H段)
    同义替换:
 National --- New Zealand Government
 National policy --- New Zealand Disability Strategy
 
2. 题干:A description of a global team effort(C9-T2-R1 T2)
原文:The International Institute of Noise Control Engineering (I-INCE), on the advice of the World Health Organization, has established an international working party, which includes New Zealand, to evaluate noise and reverberation control for school rooms.(C段)
同义替换:
Global --- international
Team effort --- working party
 
3. 题干:a hypothesis as to one reason behind the growth in classroom noise.
(C9-T2-R1 T3)
原文:Education researchers Nelson and Soli have also suggested that recent trends in learning often involve collaborative interaction of multiple minds and tools as much as individual possession of information. This all amounts to heightened activity and noise levels. (B段)
同义替换:
Hypothesis --- suggested
One reason… growth in classroom noise --- amounts to… noise levels
 
4. 题干:a demand for suitable worldwide regulations. (C9-T2-R1 T4)
原文:It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future. (I段)
同义替换:
Worldwide --- international
Regulations --- standards
 
5. 题干:a list of medical conditions which place some children more at risk from noise than others.(C9-T2-R1 T5)
原文:While the detrimental effects of noise in classroom situations are not limited to children experiencing disability, those with a disability that affects their processing of speech and verbal communication could be extremely vulnerable. The auditory function deficits in question include hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit disorders (ADD/ADHD). (D段)
同义替换:
Medical conditions --- disability或hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit disorders (ADD/ADHD)
More at risk --- extremely vulnerable
 
6. 题干:the estimated proportion of children in New Zealand with auditory problems.(C9-T2-R1 T6)
原文:The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss. (A段)
同义替换:
Proportion --- 6-10%
Auditory problems --- hearing loss
 
7. 题干:For what period of time has hearing loss in schoolchildren been studied in New Zealand?(C9-T2-R1 T7)
原文:The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss. (A段)
同义替换:
Period of time --- two decades
Studied --- research carried out
 
8. 题干:In addition to machinery noise, what other type of noise can upset children with autism(C9-T2-R1 T8)
原文:Autistic spectrum disorders often result in major difficulties in comprehending verbal information and speech processing. Those experiencing these disorders often find sounds such as crowd noise and the noise generated by machinery painful and distressing. (E段)
同义替换:
Autism --- Autistic spectrum disorders
Upset --- painful and distressing
In addition to --- and
 
9. 题干:What term is used to describe the hearing problems of schoolchildren which have not been diagnosed(C9-T2-R1 T9)
原文:It is probable that many undiagnosed children exist in the education system with ‘invisible’ disabilities. (G段)
同义替换:
Problems --- disabilities
Have not been diagnosed --- undiagnosed
 
10. 题干:What part of the New Zealand Disability Strategy aims to give schoolchildren equal opportunity(C9-T2-R1 T10)
原文:Objective 3 of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is to ‘Provide the Best Education for Disabled People’ by improving education so that all children, youth learners and adult learners will have equal opportunities to learn and develop within their already existing local school. (H段)
同义替换:
Aims to give --- is to provide
 
11-12.题干:Choose TWO letters, A-F.
Write the correct letters in boxes 11 and 12 on your answer sheet.
The list below includes factors contributing to classroom noise.
Which TWO are mentioned by the writer of the passage?
A current teaching methods
B echoing corridors
C cooling systems
D large class sizes
E loud-voiced teachers
F playground games(C9-T2-R1 T11)
原文:Modern teaching practices, the organisation of desks in the classroom, poor classroom acoustics, and mechanical means of ventilation such as air-conditioning units all contribute to the number of children unable to comprehend the teacher’s voice.(B段 )
同义替换:
Current teaching methods --- Modern teaching practices
Cooling systems --- air-conditioning units或(mechanical means of ventilation)
 
13.题干:Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in box 13 on your answer sheet.
What is the writer’s overall purpose in writing this article?
A to compare different methods of dealing with auditory problems
B to provide solutions for overly noisy learning environments
C to increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems
D to promote New Zealand as a model for other countries to follow
(C9-T2-R1 T13)
原文:Only limited attention appears to have been given to those students experiencing the other disabilities involving auditory function deficit. It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future. (I段)
同义替换:
Awareness --- attention
Auditory problems --- auditory function deficit

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